THE CLINIC: Recurring Deep Vein Thrombosis

Thu, 13 Sept. 2012 - 9:11 p.m. MT
Credit: ARA Staff - American Running Association

QUESTION:

A male client of mine, in his mid-40s, is a distance cyclist who has developed his second DVT in three years. Why would a young healthy male develop clots?

 

Alice Hill

Tampa, FL

 

ANSWER:

I discussed this issue with one of my co-workers, who is a specialist in blood clotting disorders and a fellow runner, and have incorporated his comments into my response.

 

There are several reasons why people form DVTs. There are a number of clinical entities associated with increased risk of forming a blood clot, including recent surgery, prolonged immobilization such as a long airplane flight, certain medications, and the presence of other diseases such as some types of cancer or kidney disease. In the vast majority of cases these entities associated with increased risk of clotting are readily

apparent and provide an explanation as to why the DVT formed.

 

There is some controversy as to whether severe and prolonged exercise by itself can

be associated with DVT. Some studies suggest that acute severe exercise increases the tendency for blood clotting, although chronic exercise training may lower this risk. There are anecdotal reports of marathon runners being diagnosed with a blood clot shortly after running a marathon, and some authors have speculated that dehydration may play a role, but these observations remain primarily anecdotal.

 

Some otherwise healthy adults who form DVT may have an abnormal antibody in

their bloodstream that predisposes toward clotting (e.g., the lupus 

anticoagulant / antiphospholipid antibody). Some may have a deficiency or abnormality of a protein that participates in the body's clotting/clot-inhibiting systems. These protein deficiencies/abnormalities are genetic and include entities such as antithrombin deficiency, protein C deficiency, protein S deficiency, Factor V Leiden mutation, prothrombin 20210, and dysfibrinogenemia, among others. 

 

There are laboratory tests to screen for these genetic abnormalities. These

tests are expensive. Performing these tests in your client's situation

could be helpful for addressing why he has developed DVTs but would 

unlikely lead to later treatment recommendations. Most authorities would argue

that since your client has had a second DVT, he should be treated with

life-long Coumadin therapy (unless there is a contraindication), regardless

of what the tests indicate. Since the protein deficiencies/abnormalities

are genetic, the presence of one of these disorders does have implications

for passing on this abnormality to one's offspring, and testing could be

important for this reason.

 

Todd Miller

Rochester, MN

 

 

DISCLAIMER: The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information is not intended to be patient education, does not create any patient-physician relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment. Please consult your health care provider before making any healthcare decisions or for guidance about a specific medical condition.

The American Running Association (ARA) and its Clinic Advisory Board disclaims responsibility and shall have no liability for any consequences suffered as a result of your reliance on the information contained in this site. ARA does not endorse specifically any test, treatment, or procedure mentioned on this site.

(RUNNING & FITNEWS® March / April 2009 • Volume 27, Number 2)




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